Dockerfile Tutorial – How to Create a Dockerfile


If you want to learn how to create a Dockerfile, you’ve come to the right place. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to set up your Dockerfile, including the Arguments, Instructions, Health check, and more. These will help you create a Docker container that’s ready to run on your computer.


Dockerfiles are a powerful tool for building and managing Docker images. The first part of a Dockerfile is the FROM instruction, which includes base images. After that comes the RUN instruction, which runs commands and installs packages. You should include more than one RUN instruction in a single file. You can also use the docker build command to build an image.

If your container is based on a web server, you should add the configuration file to the dockerfile. If you don’t, your dockerfile will rely on this external file. You can also echo the configuration file to include the entire contents.


The arguments in a Dockerfile are used to override defaults specified in the CMD command. For example, you can specify the default executable, CMD, and ENTRYPOINT. These are not mutually exclusive. In some scenarios, you may wish to use both.

The FROM directive specifies the base image in the build process. It can be any image that is available from Docker Hub or another container repository. This line must be the first command in the Dockerfile. You can also use the MAINTAINER non-executing command to set the author field for images.

The FROM instruction must be the first non-comment instruction in the Dockerfile. The FROM instruction can be used multiple times, creating multiple images. Make sure to note which image ID was created by the most recent commit, otherwise you may have to repeat the process again. In the FROM instruction, you can also specify a tag value, or use the digest value. The FROM builder assumes that the tag value is the latest value, and returns an error if it cannot match the tag value. The MAINTAINER instruction is a special instruction that can be used to set the author field of generated images. If you are using shell scripts in your Dockerfile, you can use the exec form instead of the comment form.


There are many ways to use a Dockerfile. These can be categorized into two main categories: COPY and ADD. Both types copy files and directories to a container. COPY is a basic operation that copies a file to a container; ADD is more advanced, allowing you to copy a file from a URL. COPY also has a VOLUME instruction, which defines the volume of the image.

Dockerfile also allows you to specify a base image for the image that you are building. This can be any image that you want, and Docker will try to locate it in Docker Hub or another container repository. To specify an image, you must include it at the beginning of your Dockerfile. If you do not include a base image, Docker will not be able to build your image. Lastly, you can specify a tag for an image to help the container identify the image.

Health check

Health checks in Dockerfiles are a way for developers to verify the health of containers. They run when the container starts up and after a certain amount of time. If a health check runs successfully, the container is healthy. If a health check fails, the container becomes unhealthy. Usually, a health check runs every thirty seconds. However, developers can specify their own value for the health check in the Dockerfile.

A health check is useful for zero-downtime deployments. It enables containers to be started and stopped without impacting the entire system. It also uses a pattern of health checks to avoid code failure scenarios.

Image caching

One of the advantages of using image caching in Docker is that the build process is more efficient. By storing images in cache, Docker does not have to scan the entire parent image and create all of its children. It can skip the step that would create the next image in the cache and use the image that is currently on the parent image instead.

Image caching in Docker uses a layer called “container” that defines its storage drivers and image layers. The image itself is then stored in this layer and changes made to it are written to that layer. The image’s storage drivers and image layers are specified in the Dockerfile. Ideally, you should generate ephemeral containers, which means that they can be stopped and rebuilt again as needed.

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