How to Propagate a ZZ Plant


ZZ plants can be propagated using various techniques, including stem and leaf cuttings, while they can either be grown in water or soil environments.

Cleanliness is of utmost importance when working with ZZ plant rhizomes to prevent disease spread during propagation through division.

Stem Cuttings

To achieve the most reliable results when propagating your ZZ plant, starting from stem cuttings rather than entire leaf cuttings is best. Stems are more accessible, and more robust roots can form faster in soil than in water; many gardeners also combine both methods to increase the chances of success. No matter which approach is taken, however, before beginning, it is crucial that all tools used be sterilized; otherwise, bacteria or fungus could transfer onto your cutting, which could kill it before roots could develop.

When selecting the ideal stem to cut from, choose one that is full and healthy – vibrant green in hue without any discolorations or blemishes – and having a swollen area near its base to indicate that it has reached maturity enough for rooting. Use sterilized scissors or knives for this procedure – cuttings should ideally be two to three inches long before being laid on a clean surface in a shaded location to allow healing before propagation begins.

Once your cuttings have healed, please place them in a vase or clear jar filled with fresh water and ensure they are changed regularly to prevent harmful bacteria from growing and provide fresh oxygen to their developing roots.

Be mindful that ZZ plants require time to develop roots; the process could take as much as nine months, though bright light and warmth usually speed things up. Do not pull your cuttings out every few days to inspect for roots, as this could kill them!

Once your cuttings are planted, mix a well-draining mixture of general-purpose potting soil and perlite or cactus mix for best results. Gently pack in the soil around each cutting so as not to disturb its delicate new roots, giving your planting an extensive watering as soon as it has settled and offering moisture for seeds that will quickly sprout from underneath it. Finally, please place them in an indirect light location.

Leaf Cuttings

ZZ plants may be difficult to root, but this can be solved using leaf cuttings instead of stem cuttings as a form of propagation. Although this approach doesn’t yield the same success rates as stem cuttings, it still works effectively and requires fewer materials. A container that keeps cuttings warm and humid – such as a glass vase, plastic tray, or clear bowl will suffice, providing fresh water can easily be added regularly without worry for clogging or mold growth – will work great; adding some rooting hormone may speed things up a little further but won’t make an enormous difference to their success or chances.

Before taking leaf cuttings, ensure your tools are sterilized. Like stems, leaves are vulnerable to fungi and bacteria, which could pose a threat as your plants continue to expand; keeping them in an ideal environment where they can heal before becoming roots reduces disease risks significantly.

Once you’ve selected a leaf to take, please place it in a vase or jar filled with water that contains several inches. For optimal results, place this area near indirect light; if using windows, be sure they are at least several feet away to avoid sunburn or discoloration of leaves. Furthermore, change your water regularly to ensure your cuttings remain clean and free from fungus or bacteria growth.

Once a cutting begins to produce roots, move it into a larger pot with loose, well-draining soil. While it may wilt initially as it adjusts to its new home, it should rebound within a month and eventually flourish again. Regularly check roots for health; any brown or mushy should be removed and replaced with fresh cuttings. Once seeds have taken hold, transfer the plants into 6- or 8-inch pots to allow continued development.

Section Cuttings

ZZ plants require longer establishing than houseplants, as their roots run deep underground. Therefore, propagation using stem or leaf cuttings is often the best method for multiplying their stock. Although this requires more time than simply planting seeds, the results often outstrip expectations!

Stem and leaf cuttings can be rooted in either water or potting mix; the choice is entirely yours, although rooting in water allows you to monitor rhizome and root growth better and be faster than traditional soil-based rooting media.

If you prefer rooting in water, choose a clean jar or vial to hold your plant cuttings and fill the container to just below your cut part. Dip each cutting in rooting hormone for several minutes and then submerge them gently in clean, fresh water.

After several hours, remove your cuttings and place them in a sunny location with warm conditions. Water frequently for best results, but avoid overwatering, which may kill rhizomes and leaves.

Leaf and stem cuttings can be easily rooted, though those with green-tinged stems have better success at rooting than those without. Look for stems with an unbroken brown base; those that possess one will have greater chances of taking root than their counterparts with no noticeable green nub.

As with all cuttings, it’s crucial to use sharp, clean gardening shears or knives that have been appropriately sterilized between uses to avoid bacterial infections that could kill new cuttings and potentially the parent plant. Furthermore, keep all tools sanitized between services.


ZZ plant propagation through division can be an excellent way to expand your indoor houseplant collection. This method involves taking large groups of rhizomes from an established plant and allowing them to develop into new plants over time – similar to leaf and stem cuttings but more involved if time permits! However, the rewards can be worth your while!

The first step of propagating ZZ plant by division is selecting an ideal mother plant. Rhizomes should have plenty of growth and be strong enough to support when planted into soil.

Once you’ve selected your mother plant, remove it from its pot and divide its rhizomes into multiple sections using a knife if necessary – being mindful not to damage its root system and leaves! After doing this successfully, begin planting each section.

Propagation medium options such as potting mix, perlite, or coco peat can all be effective; however, for optimal results a more humid environment and protective covering for cuttings are optimal. Furthermore, water that contains gunk or mold should also be avoided to ensure its success and reduce the chances of failure.

Propagating your ZZ plant can be an enjoyable and straightforward way to expand your collection of exotic beauties! By carefully managing its growth, propagation can bring more of these stunning specimens into your home quickly! These exotic plants make beautiful additions to any household – with patience and effort, you could soon have many more of these exotic beauties growing at once!

ZZ plants make a fantastic and healthy addition to any indoor space, adding warmth and elegance through their beautiful green color. Furthermore, many believe ZZ plants can enhance energy levels and attract positive vibrations into our lives.